ESBB 19 Jalandhar, Punjab India– Digital Video, Speech, Pointing and Visuals: A Multi-Modal Approach to ELT

Three different applications of digital video will be presented on this page. These include digital video applications at the Essay-, Paragraph, and Sentence Level.

Digital Applications at the Essay Level

The Plenary Power Point can be downloaded by clicking the link (this does not have the video on it, but the video can be viewed on this page)

ESBB 19 Digial Video Speech Pointing and Visuals

Documents for the essay-level digital video activity can be downloaded by clicking the links

Arg-Brainstorming Outline Expanded Feb 2019

Mapping an Essay on a Graphic Organizer to Present on Video Feb 19

Directions for the Presentation using the Graphic Organizer Feb-19

20 Arg-Pers Prompts

The objective of the digital applications at the essay level is to prompt students to work in an inductive manner on brainstorming supporting details before writing a thesis and hook. This means creating a thesis from the supporting details (inductive) rather than creating a thesis first; then matching the thesis to the supporting details.

Case Sally

For this example, Case Sally, she is presenting the topic of sex education in schools

Case Sally: Digital Video Activity for Presenting Supporting Details and Thesis Statements

Case Sally Outline (See Blank Outline Documents at the Top of this Webpage and for other activities discussed and presented in the data for this paper). 

• Should sex education be taught in public schools?

A Hook:______________________________________________

A Thesis:___________________________________________________________________

1.

Topic Paragraph One: ___ Young people should be educated properly about sex.

Supporting Detail One: _____Help adolescents to be safe..

Supporting Detail Two:_____Help to prevent sexual infection.

Supporting Detail Three_____Young people need to know what to do when the time comes.

2.

Topic Paragraph Two: _______Provided better communication with parents.

Supporting Detail One:_______Help parents to feel comfortable with their children to talk about sex.

Supporting Detail Two: _____Sometime parent does not have the correct answer.

Supporting Detail Three: ____ Helps parents to make it easier to start talking about sex.

3.

Topic Paragraph Three:__A child who educated will be less vulnerable to:

Supporting Detail One: _____A child who is informed can prevent early pregnancy

Supporting Detail Two: ____A child who is informed can prevent abortion

Supporting Detail Three:_ A child who is informed is less to become a victim of a sexual abuse.

Case Sally, Visual

Case Sally Video

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Transcript, Case Sally, without the Act of Pointing transcribed.

Today I’m going to talk about is sex should be taught in a public school? My hook is if someone touch you, and makes you feel uncomfortable, you should tell to a trust adult. Ah one—one of my supporting details is that young people should be educated properly about sex because that helps adolescents be safe, ah prevents sexual infection, and also—and people have to be ready when they want to have—to, to, to have sex. My other supporting detail is—is if you have knowledge with your parents—ah—and makes easy communication, and also, sometimes parents doesn’t have the correct answer. So that’s why it’s very important that ah—at school, should be taught about sex education. My third supporting detail is a child who is educated will be less vulnerable to prevent early pregnancy, prevent abortion, and—eh is gonna be less vulnerable to become a victim of sexual abuse.

However, there is many people who thin that sex education only destroys the morality of people.

My thesis a child who is educated properly about sex is going to have good communication with family and be less vulnerable to sexual riskiness that lives in the real world.

Thank you.

Transcript Case Sally with Acts of Pointing Transcribed

Sally is using her hand to point, but she has also grabbed a marker pen that was used to point while speaking. Also on the video frame, Sally can be seen referring to a piece of paper with a draft of some of the material she has on the Visual. At this time, it has not been determined, for sure, what precisely was on the piece of paper, but this is another type of student-generated variation, which students were told to avoid, and reminded not to use an additional resource.

Today I’m going to talk about

Her hand appears on the video with a marker pen held in a way that the marker pen is an extension of her finger.

Is sex should be taught in a public school schools?

My Hook is

As she says this phrase, Sally rests her marker just to the left of the phrase on the Visual, picking up the marker to move over to the Hook, in black marker, net to the label “A Hook”

If someone touch you

Sally runs the pen underneath the chunk “If Someone touches,” lifting the pen at the very end of you and bouncing it in the air

And makes you feel uncomfortable

This chunk is read word for word, but with a substitute occurring in this chunk “and you feel uncomfortable.” On the Visual, it reads “it is uncomfortable.” In her Speech, she makes a correction.

She also flips her hand over on the word “uncomfortable

You should tell to a trust adult

No hand in the camera frame.

Ah one–One

A draft of the guideline for appears in her hand, just before the 15 second mark. (see Figure Two) or one of the associated homework assignments where students had to write these on a sheet of paper before they wrote it on the Visual.

Figure Two: A Screen Capture Photo of when Sally brings another semiotic resource into the camera frame:

of my supporting details is that

the pen raises and lowers on the top left bubble

Young people should be educated

properly about sex

This entire chunk is read word for word and she bounces the pen at the beginning on the word property and at the end about sex, and the pen briefly pulls out of the picture; during this chunk, she also can be seen drawing the paper closely inwards, as if she were drawing it to her chest. It does not appear that the next utterance is being read from the paper

Because that

On the chunk “because that” the pen in her hand swipes down to point at the next bubble down

Helps adolescents to be safe

the pen goes back and forth three times underneath the phrase “help adolescents to be safe

Ah Prevents sexual infection

Quick downward motion before she points to the bubble with “prevents sexual infection”

Long pause before she speaks again; the pointer is hovering over the bubble with the chunk “you people need to know what to do when the times come” It is important to note that she has “you people” and not “young” people written on that bubble; perhaps this is the result of the pause.

And also

The hand with the pen pulls back on “And;” then bounces down and out of the camera frame on “also”

People have to know ah

No hand on the screen

And people have to be ready

Sally’s hand moves again into the screen the pen in her hand touches the word “know” on the bubble as she says “be ready”

When they want [to have– To to] To have sex

Her hand moves up and out from the visual and flips sideways with two fingers holding the pen and three fingers stretched into pointing a right before she begins the struggle with “to have—to—to have sex”;

Many beats alternating with held pauses; Sally’s hand visibly releases from a held position as she works out how to say the infinitive “to have sex”

My other supporting detail

Sally’s hand and marker pen move to the next bubble to the right, which has the chunk “Knowledge provided better communication with parents.” On she say “My other supporting detail” her marker pen touches the bubble to the left of “communication”

Is–Is if you have knowledge

On “if” she raises the marker pen; then lowers it, landing right on the page on the word “knowledge”

You’re gonna provide better communication

As she says the above phrase, she is circling her pen over the chunk “communication with parents”

With your parents

The pen and hand move out of the frame

Ah

The hand comes back in pointing at the same bubble

That helps parent to feel more comfortable

She touches the bubble next to the chunk “helps” then raises on “to feel” then touches the visual firmly next to the word “comfortable” on the visual as she says “more comfortable”

And makes easy communication

She just briefly points to this phrase in the bubble on the visual

And also

The hand and pen rise into the camera frame and off, the up and down motion closely aligned with her saying the two words

Sometimes parents doesn’t have the correct answer

The hand and pen appear very late in the above chunk, as she says “the correct answer,” and at the end of the line above, she touches the marker slightly below and to the left of the word “have” on the visual

So that’s why it’s very important

The marker and hand stay right on that bubble, the marker bobbing very gently next to the chunk “have the correct answer”

That ah

The hand moves out of the frame and up, with the camera-person lagging a bit behind

At school

Should be taught about sex education.

The hand and marker are out of the camera frame, but from the general direction from which Sally’s hand returns, and the shadow on the screen, it’s very likely that she is pointing to her essay prompt that is at the top of the page, and reminding the audiendce

My third supporting detail is

Sally’s hand and pointer, held between her index finger and thumb moves back into the frame and is moving toward pointing at the third bubble at the top of the visual; the camera person is also zooming along with this movement.

A child who is educated

At the end of the word “a child” the pen lands just inside the borders of the bubble next to and slightly underneath the chunk “A educated will be less vulnerable;” when she finishes the word “educated” she lifts her hand and marker out of the frame. Also, as she moves to the next chunk, her tone sounds a bit more mechanical, as if she is reading.

will be less vulnerable

the hand and marker are out of the screen

To prevent early pregnancy

Her hand moves into the scene (I wanted to say “swoosh”) and lands on the word “pregnancy” on the visual, landing squarely on the “pr” as she says “pregnancy”

Prevent abortion

As Sally says the word “prevent” the hand raises for a moment, then drops off the camera frame

And. . Eh

Her hand remains out of the camera frame

Is gonna be less vulnerable to–

Her hand, with the marker held as the extension of Sally’s finger, moves into the screen and touches just inside the bubble that contains the chunk “A child who is informed is less likely to become a victim of sexual abuse”

Be–to become a victim of sexual abuse

On this false start, continued from the prior oral chunk, her marker stops and drags for a moment on the word “to” on the visual before following along under the word in a fairly aligned, normal manner of a reader following along with text. After saying “abuse” with the marker next to the word on the visual, Sally’s hand drops out of the camera frame.

However

Her hand remains off the screen; this use of “however” has been introduced in class to present a contrasting point of view

There is many people who think that

The marker and hand remain out of the camera frame

Sex education only destroys the morality of people

Sally’s hand comes she says “Sex education,” and she follows along pointing toward the words as she reads, her hand lifting away as the camera shifts to follow Sally’s hand to the top of the Visual.

My thesis is

The camera catches up to Sally’s hand, marker landing right under the word “child” on the Visual

A child who is educated properly about sex

The marker stays underneath the line at a normal pace; then lifts off at the word “sex”

Is going to have good communication with family

Sally’s hand and marker lifts away from the chart, and curls at the wrist so the hand marker points at the Visual from a distance from about a foot.

And will be less vulnerable to Sexual riskness

On “vulnerable” sally is more promptly pronouncing the syllables and following along with the words on the Visual; then she draws away a bit on the phrase “sexual riskiness,” which she pronounces without the “I” after the “k”

That lives in the real world

Her hand continues to draw away from the Visual until it drops out of the camera frame at “world”

Thank you

Video Self-Evaluation Questionnaire

  1. Pick one moment in the video where you think you “highlighted” or emphasized one specific piece of information or another, one word over another, something over everything else. This would be your strongest moment of emphasizing something or pointing.

I think the strongest moment that emphasizes a specific piece of information is in the last part when I discuss my thesis statement.

  1. Do you think your Thesis Statement was effective? If so, what, specifically, was effective about it, if not, what would you do differently to make it more effective?

I think my thesis is very effective because I am emphasizing the most important thing, that I am going to talk my paper.

  1. Which words did you use to direct your audience to different parts of the information on your visual aid?

The words that I used to direct my audience

-I am going to talk about

– One of

-Because

-And Also

– Other

-That’s

-So

-Third

-However

 

Pick one moment that you used your hand to point at your visual aid while speaking. Briefly describe that moment; then answer the question below about the transition word and the painting:

During my entire presentation I was using my fingers as a pointer.

4.Was there a transition word accompanying this pointing gesture? What transition word would have been a good substitute for the moment you pointed at your visual?

I think that all the transition word that I used was an important substitute because there are addition words and have to be used before you said the supporting detail.

  1. Will you change your Thesis Statement when you write up the next draft of your explanatory paragraph?

No, I will not be changing my thesis statement. Because I like the topic of my thesis.

  1. Could each of the most important Supporting Details be clearly related to your Thesis Statement?

Yes, my thesis is based on the supporting details.

Talk about sex in schools is one of the best options to educated children.

The Essay

When a child or young person feels uncomfortable when another person touches them, they should tell a trusted adult.In this generation exists many of programs that educate people about sex.there are some clinic that give away condoms and birth control pills, because the purpose is maintain people’s health and safety. It is important to talk about sex in public schools because a child who is educated properly about sex is going to have good communication with their parents.They will also be less vulnerable.

Good communication allows the adolescent to feel free to tell their parents what they think about sex. Good relationship with parent is going to provide more security for children and better development in their lives.A child with knowledge knows that using adequate protection is going to prevent sexual infection. Everybody knows that sexual infections can change everything in their lives, and some infections are incurable. It Would be perfect that young people wait to have sex until marriage, but parents have to be realistic that these theories do not exist anymore. In this generation children are waiting to experience how is to have sex.Parent should focus more on explaining to their children that sex is connected with love. It is very important to emphasize that sex is connected to love because when young people want to start having sexual relations they have to be sure that is it the correct time.

A child who is educated is less vulnerable to prevent early pregnancy. Is very common see girls who are not finished with school because they become pregnant. So basically these women have two options, have the baby and change their life forever or abort. Because having a baby is it to have more responsibilities, young people have to know that having a baby increase costs in their life. People should be financially and also psychological stable to bring a new baby into the world.Young people see abortion like a way their old clothes in the trash. Abortion is murder and the most absurd thing is that when somebody decides to abort they forget them are killing someone.

Prevent sexual abuse in young people is very important. There are many children who have been abused because they did not have the correct education, or good communication with their parents. A child who is abused will not have the same development of a child who has not been abused. However there are many people who think that sex destroys the morality of young people, but those people are thinking without reason and ignorance. Morality does not prevent early pregnancy and also does not prevent sexual infection.

In conclusion,schools are doing a really good job to try to educate children about sex. What parent should do is to be present and feel free to talk about sex with them.So that way young people will be more open to follow the advice from the parents and from the schools.

 

Digital Video at the Sentence Level

 

Case Leonard “Transformed” November

Visual: Sentence Completion of “Transformed”

Video Data:Sentence Completion of “Transformed”

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Case Terri “Transformed” November

Visual: Sentence Completion of “Transformed”

Video Data: Sentence Completion of “Transformed”

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Contrasts between Case Terri and Case Leonard of “Transformed” (November)

Case Terri’s Sentences on the Visual

Frank transformed his old car by painting new color. His car look shiny and beautiful.

 

Case Leonard’s Sentence on the Visual

Frank transformed his old car by painting the front of the car in red. Frank puted high tired to his car, the car look huge.

Case Terri’s Reading of the Sentences

Frank transformed his car—his old car by painting new color. His car look shiny and beautiful.

Case Leonard’s Reading of the Sentences

My sentence is Frank transformed his old car.by painting the front of the car in red… My second sentence is Frank put high tires to his car, the car looks—look huge.

 

Case Terri’s Explanation of the Sentences

Transformed mean..to change in condition natural or character convert and does **and that’s why his car looks shiny and beautiful

 

*In the bolded section above, Terri is reading

**Each period means a second delay

Case Leonard’s Explanations of the Sentences

So the car wah old and now the car looks new by the painting. My second sentence is Frank put high tires to his car, the car looks—look huge. So those too transform from by high tires. That is transform.

 

*In the bolded section above, Leonard is reading.

**The dash means a quick change in the utterance stream.

 

 

 Case Leonard and Case Terri: Contrasts with the word “Debate” (November)

Case Terri’s Sentences on the Visual: “The presidential debate was about who win the election. Trump and Clinton fight to win the election and be a president”

 

Case Leonard’s Sentences on the Visual: “The presidential debate was about how to control immigration, Trump were saying that every immigrants (iligal person) needs to go back to their country, but Climtop were saying that she will give documents to immigrants”

 

 

 

 

Case Terri’s Reading of the Sentences:

The present debate were about who win the election—electcher. Trump and Clinton fight to win the election and—and to be a pesodent.

 

 

Case Leonard’s Reading of the Sentences: The presidential debate was about how to control immigration. Trump was saying that every immigrant needs to go back to their country, but Clinton said that she will give documents to immigrants.

 

Case Terri’s Explanation:

The debate is discus—the debate word mean they gots between something and the something does not is Trump and Clinton try to win the election to be a pesodent.

Case Leonard’s Explanation:

So basically, all these sentences support this word debate because it is talking about two people—two diff—two different—difference opinions, so that is a debate

 

Case Leonard

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The Transcript for Case Leonard. (Speech)

In this section, Case Leonard’s speech is in italics. Sharp pauses are indicated by a dash:

The presidential debate was about how to control immigration. Trump was saying that every immigrant needs to go back to their country, but Clinton said that she will give documents to mmigrants.

So basically, all these sentences support this word debate because it is talking about two people—two diff—two different—difference opinions, so that is a debate

Acts of Pointing

Some noticeable acts of pointing occur while Case Leonard is reading along and during his explanation of how the second sentence supports the first sentence.

Leonard follows each word, but skips the phrase in parenthesis (“iligal person), with the word “illegal,” as a spelling variant.

When he says “two different” the pen rapidly moves from the word were to the immigrants and back to were until he says “this word debate.”

It should be noted that he is equating the word immigrants with iligal person

As he says “this word debate,” he makes a circling move moment around the word. As he says “two people” he moves the tip of the pen rapidly from the word Clinton to were. The point of the pen remains on were until he says “so that is debate.” On “that is debate” he circles the word debate

Case Terri

Case Terri’s Video

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The Transcript for Case Terri

With the exception of Case Leonard, Case Terry was the only other student-participant who chose the sentence with the word debate emphasized. The instructor (me) can be heard in the background asking (nagging?) a student, whose attendance was intermittent about what parts of another digital video assignment she had completed. This makes some of Terry’s narration difficult to hear.

For the transcription, the student participant’s explanation is written in italics. A dash – is used for sharp pauses or breaks.

Mispronounced, incomplete, or substituted words are marked in bold.

Pronunciation issues, specifically leaving the ends off of many words, or substituting words, were prominent in the transcript.

Case Terri’s Transcript (Speech)

The present debate were about who win the election—electcher. Trump and Clinton fight to win the election and–and to be a pesodent. The debate is discus—the debate word mean they gots between something and the something does not is Trump and Clinton try to win the election to be a pesodent.

 Acts of Pointing

Generally, Case Terri followed along with the reading, as one would expect, pausing at each word as she read.  She takes a longer pause on the word election, doubting her correct pronunciation for “election” and substituting “electcher.”  Then pauses a bit more as she self corrects on the second part of her reading. She also hesitates for a moment as she inserts “to” before “be” to form the infinitive. Her pencil hovers over the word “debate,” and the pencil moves back and forth over debated as she struggles to find the right way to describe the abstract relationships. On the phrase “does not” her pencil does a quick back and forth between the completed sentence on the left and the second sentence and the subject “Trump and Clinton”; to the left on “does,” and to the right on “not.” After “does not” she returns to reading her second sentence with the pencil pausing at each word, in a generally smooth pattern, as she did at the beginning.

Case Leonard “Rigor” (April)

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Case Terri “Squandered” (April)

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Case Terri’s Sentences on the Visual (Squandered)

Frank squandered his study time by watching movie. He fail the test because he wasted the study time to watch movie

Case Leonard’s Sentence on the Visual (Rigor)

One example of the physical rigor needed to be a good soccer play is constant conditioning needed to stay right and ready in the game. Conditioning can last hours with heavy and long runs. The sky is the limit

 

Case Terri’s Reading of the Sentences

Frank squandered his study time by watching a movie. He failed the test because he (watched) the study time uh to watch a movie.

Case Leonard’s Reading of the Sentences

One example of the physical rigor needed to be a good soccer play is constant conditioning needed to stay right and ready in the game. Conditioning can last hours with heavy and long runs. The sky is the limit.

.

Case Terri’s Explanation of the Sentences

Frank is the subject. The squandered is transitive. He study by time by watching a movie (it) predicate. He is the subject and failed is the transitive the test because cause he (watch) the time to watch the movie is the predicate group. Watch is the squander.

 

 

Case Leonard’s Explanations of the Sentences

In this sentence—in my first sentence, the—the subjects um example um is my linking verb and after all of that, like constant condition needed to stay right and ready in the game, that’s all my predicate group. In the second—in the second sentence, conditioning is my subject, can is the verb, and after all of that umm is my predicate. And in my third sentence, the sky is the subject, is, is the linking verb, and the limit is the predicate group. And, my second sentence relate to rigor—relate to rigor because a condition can last hours with heavy and long runs. So basically, like um condition (points at the word rigor as he says condition) is something difficult and this means that the condition—condi—hav—that having condition like um you can do something difficult.

 

*In the bolded section above, Leonard is reading.

**The dash means a quick change in the utterance stream such as false starts

 

Paragraph Level: Summary and Response

Case Caesar: Summary and Response of a Newspaper Editorial about Steroids and Atheletes

Case Caesar

Case Caesar: Weblink for the Editorial that was Summarized

http://www.thepost.on.ca/2013/08/20/drug-cheats-in-pro-sports-send-kids-a-vile-message

Case Caesar’s take home pre-writing. This is how he created the first draft of the main idea statement and supporting details for the Visual.

What is the topic?

The topic is drug cheats in sports.

What does the author wants you to know?

The author wants you to know that should enhancement drugs be used by athletes, it is considered cheating in sports.

What is the main statement?

Athletes using drug enhancement to increase their ability are cheating.

Supporting details?

The author states “

“Sadly, sports will never be the same. Someone will always be looking for an edge. And that edge today comes out the end of a needle”

“The better the testing gets, the better the druggists get”

“The sad price of all of this becomes a message to youngsters that if you want to make it, or excel, you have to cheat.”

I agree with the author because an athlete should not use enhancement drugs to increase their ability to outperform other athletes. The author states “that edge today comes out the end of a needle”. Using these types of drugs is considered cheating and should be banned from all athletics.

 

 

Case Caesar Main Idea and Supporting Detail Video

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Caesar’s Visual

Transcript of the Video

The transcriipt below is a compressed version that is chunked and displayed differently at https://transitional-literacy.org/attempting-to-cross-academic-borders-with-digital-video-cameras-and-language-competency-as-semiotic-design/

THE PASSWORD FOR THE ABOVE WEBPAGE IS rabbit14

In the compressed transcript, my comments are in italics; small stars ** indicate a syllable

And my main idea is “Athletes using drug enhancement to increase their ability are cheating” And my first supporting detail is“The sad price of all of this becomes a message to youngsters that if you want to make it or excel, you have to cheat” And the supporting detail supports my main idea just because well, you know this is showing to all youngsters that the athletes are good at athletic that it would have been ** To excel and win They have to cheat. My second supporting detail is “The better the testing gets the better the druggests get” And this The second supporting supports my main idea is because Nowadays The test is getting more and more strict for athletes He is pointing at the phrase “better the testing” on top of that the drugs are getting more and more better where it hard to use drug enhancement to cheat in sports My third supporting detail is “sadly, sports will never be the same. Someone will always Be looking for an edge. And the edge today comes out The end of a needle” And this third supporting detail supports the main idea  Because nowadays sports All athletes are using drug enhancement  to increase their ability.  He sweeps finger underneath the phrase “an edge” as he begins to say to increase To do better than other athletes The finger is held underneath the end of the word “edge” until he completes the phrase “other athletes” And my response is “I agree with the author because an athlete should not [be] use  [drug enhancement) to increase their ability to outperform otherathletes. The author states “that edge today comes out the end of In the first line Caesar inserts the word “ be” in front of “used” n the second line in the groups above, the visual has “enhancement drugs” and he point to “enhancement drugs” on the visual while saying the reverse “drug enhancement) a needle.” [by] Using these types of drugs is considered cheating and should be banned from all [athletes]. In the three lines above, Caesar inserts two words, “by” before “using” and “athletes” instead of “athletics,” which was a correction on the chart that he did not correct in oral speech And I think my supporting detail number three supports  the main idea is because now is the athletes are using drugs to better their  energy to play sports  by doing that it’s considered cheating Caesar points at the word cheating in his main idea statement.  So this concludes my main idea statement “Athletes using drug enhancement to increase their ability are cheating”

Caesar’s Answers to the Self Evaluation Questions for his Video

  1. Pick one moment in the video where you think you “highlighted” or emphasized one specific piece of information or another, one word over another, something over everything else. Why did you emphasize one over another?

The moment in the video which I emphasized a specific information was when I keep repeating the Main Idea Statement over and over again to let the audience know what I’m trying to explain.

  1. Do you think your Main Idea Statement was effective? If so, what, specifically, was effective about it, if not, what would you do differently to make it more effective?

I think the Main Idea Statement that I have chosen is effective because the statement was specific about how athletes cheat in sports.

  1. Do you think your Response Statement was effective? If so, what, specifically, was effective about it, if not, what would you do differently to make it more effective?

I think the Response Statement which I have chosen is effective because I did state that I agree with the main idea statement.

  1. Which words did you use to direct your audience to different parts of the information on your visual aid? Were there any?

The words that I have chosen to use to direct my audience during each different parts of the information on the visuals such as: the first supporting details, the second supporting details, and the third supporting details.

Pick one moment that you used your hand to point at your visual aid while speaking. Briefly describe that moment; then answer the question below about the transition word and the pointing:

  1. Was there a transition word accompanying this pointing gesture? What transition word would have been a good substitute for the moment you pointed at your visual?

Yes there were transition word that I used, but I could of add word like however, in addition, moreover, furthermore.

  1. Will you change your Main Idea Statement or Response Statement when you write up the next draft of your explanatory paragraph? What will you change? If not, why is it so perfect that you wouldn’t change it? J

I will not change the Main Idea Statement or Response Statement because it already relates and how I agree with the article.

  1. Could each of your important Supporting Details be clearly related to your Main Idea?

The first and third supporting details are clearly related to the main idea, but my second supporting details could be more in dept and specific.

  1. If there was anything you could change about this entire video assignment, what would you change?

The one thing that I would of change in this video assignment is memorizing the lines and should talk more slowly.

Caesar’s Formal Written Summary and Response

Summary

Athlete’s using drug enhancement to increase their abilities is cheating.According to the author, “the sad price of all this becomes a message to youngsters that if you want to me it, or excel, you have to cheat”.Moreover, this is sending a wrong message to all young athletes that in order for them to be successful or to surpass all other athletes in the sport they love; using drug enhancement will do the job.Also, a person who uses the drug enhancement; once getting caught, it is considering cheating and this is illegal in all sports.In addition, the author states “the better the testing gets, the better druggist gets”.Furthermore, the tests are getting stricter and easy to detect a person that uses drug enhancement.The odd thing about this is that the athletes are using these as drug to heal pain and soreness in the body which makes it difficult to test.In addition, the author states “sadly, sports will never be the same.Someone will always be looking for an edge. And that edge comes out the end of a needle”.For instance, there will always be an athlete that is looking for something that can improve their ability to be on top and better than any other athlete.Lastly, this comes down to using drug enhancement through the bloodstream.

Response

I agree with the author because an athlete should not use enhancement drugs to increase their ability to outperform other athletes. Any athlete that uses this is considering cheating in sports. You can be the best player in history but if you are using drugs then you should be ban from playing sports. The bottom line is you’re not using the skills that you have in yourself, but you’re using drugs enhancement to achieve greatness.The author states “some will always be looking for an edge”.This completely explain why in the past few years there have been many cases where athletes have beenusing enhancement drugs for that extra edge in sports. In addition, the consequences for any athletes should be to where they are kick off the team and banned from every playing that type of sports. This concludes about athlete using drug enhancement to increase their abilities is cheating.

Two Examples of Math Word Problems

Three Cases of Digial Video and a Math Word Problem: The Brick Problem

 

 

GERA 17 Digital Video Cameras Adapted for Math Word Problems: The Process and Potential

A model of a Shared Attentional Frame

The model of a Shared Attentional Frame has evolved from the ideas of Tomasello (2003), McCafferty (2002) and many others (e.g. Vygotsky, 1978; Wertsch, 1998). Specifically, The model below of a Shared Attentional Frame is an adaptation of Tomasello’s (2003) rendering of the “Structure of a linguistic symbol” (p. 29) and a “Joint attentional frame” (p. 26).

McCafferty, S. (2002). Gesture and creating zones of proximal development for second language learning. The Modern Language Journal, 86, 192-202.

Tomasello, M. (2003). Constructing a language: A usage-based theory of language acquisition. Cambridge, MA.

Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Wertsch, J. (1998). Mind as action. New York, NY: Oxford University Press

The model below is fixed; however, all the activity depicted is as fluid as water

 

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